Examines transitional jobs programs that provide temporary subsidized jobs, support services, and job placement help via the Transitional Jobs Reentry Demonstration (TJRD).
"The Joyce Foundation’s Transitional Jobs Reentry Demonstration (TJRD)...tested employment programs for former prisoners in Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee, and St. Paul, using a rigorous random assignment design.... The project focused on transitional jobs programs that provide temporary subsidized jobs, support services, and job placement help. Transitional jobs are seen as a promising model for former prisoners and for other disadvantaged groups" (p.iii). (Abstractor: Author)

Major Findings & Recommendations

• "The transitional jobs programs substantially increased employment early in the study period by providing jobs to many who would not otherwise have worked. However, the gains faded as men left the transitional jobs, and the programs did not increase regular (unsubsidized) employment either during or after the program period. At the end of the second year, only about one-fifth of each group were employed in the formal labor market. Earnings impacts may have been somewhat larger when economic conditions were relatively poor and members of the job search group had more difficulty finding jobs" (p.iii) • "The transitional jobs programs did not significantly affect key measures of recidivism over the two-year follow-up period. About half each group were arrested, and a similar number re- turned to prison. Most of the prison admissions were for violations of parole rules, not new crimes" (p.iii). (Abstractor: Author)